July 12, 2017 - 7 minutes
The Potential of Dixie
The intention of this essay is to make the case for revolutionary potential in the United States, to take into account national character, national context, material conditions, and historical empiricism for Dixie. In some sense this essay rejects “third world-ism”, by making a case for revolution in the United States. The goals of this essay are as follows:
- Provide an analysis of Dixie’s historical context, conditions, and national character
- Take the analysis of historical conditions and apply them to the modern world, to form a theory of necessary conditions for revolution in the United States.
The Relevance of Nations
Nationalism must be rejected, however national context should be acknowledged and taken into account when examining the material conditions needed for revolution. According to the essay Marxism and the National Question: > A nation is a historically constituted, stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, and psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.
Given this definition, the shared economic destiny of the people within a nation becomes highly relevant when determining what needs to be done to incite revolution.
My analysis of Dixie will be structured as follows:
- Previous separatist movements
- Republic of West Florida
- Republic of Texas
- Confederate States of America
- Modern conditions/contradictions within Dixie being in the United States
Previous Separatist Movements
There were 3 major attempts of independence in the history of Dixie, we can draw the material conditions of each, which I will attempt to outline in the following sections. It is stated that these were all bourgeois revolutions, which precede proletarian revolutions. Given that it has been over 150 years since the last bourgeois revolution, the next revolution Dixie will see will be proletarian in nature. In addition, any material condition can happen but the relevance is that these conditions have happened and likely can be replicated into the modern day.
Republic of West Florida
The Republic of Western Florida was an attempt to form a bourgeois democracy in eastern Louisiana. The conditions causing this movement was due to the declining empires/influence of Spain and France. In September 1810 a revolt was staged, securing the republic’s independence from Spain. This is relevant because: - This uprising happened during the decline of an empire - They attempted to take Mobile, Alabama. Which demonstrates that material conditions have happened that resulted in direct action, in this case against Spain, the empire which the West Floridians seceded from.
Republic of Texas
The independence of Texas was caused by a bourgeois revolution in Mexico, and exacerbated by western expansion/imperialism from the United States. A major cause of independence was the contradiction of nationality between the American settlers and the other nationalities living in the area. Perhaps the biggest conflict between the Texans and the Mexican government was the difference in economic interests between the newly formed Mexican empire and the citizens of Texas.
Confederate States of America
Perhaps the biggest bourgeois revolution that happened in Dixie, and the strongest case that there can be a strong separatist movement that directly opposed the federal government of the United States. Despite a lot of liberal critics of the the Confederacy, the causes of the civil war can be explained with material conditions. The fact that the north had underwent an industrial revolution, and leaving the south in a somewhat backwards and agrarian state. The contradiction of a semi feudal nation with an industrialized one was an irreconcilable contradiction that could only of been solved by a bourgeois revolution. The southern plantar class wanted to stay in power and the northern industrialists and bankers wanted the removal of the plantar class, the only way to resolve this contradiction was to undergo a bourgeois revolution. The defeat of the Confederacy resulted in delayed industrialization since the influence of the plantar class were never really curtailed by the reconstruction policies. The major causes for the formation of the Confederacy:
- The lack of industrialization down south, at this point the north was controlled by bankers and industrialists, which conflicted with the bourgeois of Dixie (mostly the plantar class) and their desire to stay in power.
- National contradiction, given Dixie and New England had two different economic destinies is bound to cause deep divides, which have existed since the formation of these nations. Difference in culture plays a part, and is a part of contradictions to this day.
- The imposition of pro northern economic policies favoring the north economically; resulting in a desire to engage in Dixie’s own independent interests, independent from the United States.
Historical Continuation of Contradictions after Separatism
The continuation of these contradictions are important to document, because they can explain why the current material conditions of Dixie came into being in the first place.
The only accomplishment of reconstruction was the national subjugation and repression of Dixie as a nation. Reconstruction was an attempt to repress all southern culture and to destroy a way of life. It did involve eliminating the plantar class and replacing them with their post feudal counterparts. It did ensure economic domination of the northern states over Dixie.
Another notable example of national economic policy/projects favoring the northern states would be the transcontinental railroad:
Considering the geography of the United States, the northern states are more mountainous than Dixie. It would have been far more economical to build the railroad in Dixie due to the lack of high terrain. Despite this fact the railroad was built up north, to benefit the interests of that nation. Furthermore, the railroad itself was build by Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads. The Union Pacific was formed during the civil war so the United States would have railroads near the front of the war, and the Central Pacific was founded in California, a loyal state to the United States. So it is fair to say the transcontinental railroad was built with no consideration of the economic interests of Dixie.
Modern Conditions and Contradictions
Most of the contradictions that were pointed out in the previous section are true well into the modern era. Culture wars continue to rage between Dixie and the rest of the United States, giving the reactionaries a strong hold over the nation. These reactionaries can be seen regularly engaging as a counter force in identity politics, and acknowledge the moral degradation that capitalism has imposed on Dixie. Their defiance against socially liberal policies is what gains them most of their support, as the family has been reduced to the point where people fear the further destruction of their families. Like all bourgeois democracies, the economic interests of the working class have no place in national discussion.
United States supremacy continues, the more populated and rich areas pass economic policy through the federal government, and these policies do not benefit Dixie in most cases, they never benefit the working class. An oversimplified example could be the passage of the Affordable Care Act. A big part of the Affordable Care Act is that citizens are pressured to buy private insurance, which let’s examine the family income in the United States measured at the state level:
It is pretty obvious that in most of Dixie the income is much lower as a region than the rest of the United States. So it makes sense why this policy is very unpopular in the region, most people are not able to afford this insurance and are now fined for it. Not to mention most southern states did not take the medicaid expansion so we can conclude that the Affordable Care Act benefits other states more than it does Dixie. Economic policies like this are not rare in the history of the United States.